Miya carpenter word collection

Temple and shrine bansho

During the Edo period, the current shrine carpenter was called the temple and shrine bansho. With the Shinbutsu bunri decree in the first year of the Meiji era, the Haibutsu Kishaku movement became popular, and it was ordered to take the character of “temple”. Due to the transformation of the Meiji Restoration, the status of “bansho” was changed to “carpenter” under the conventional identification system, and it seems that the name was changed to “miya carpenter”. It is a historical fact that I would like to keep in mind that the word “miya carpenter” was coined in the era of war.

On the other hand, there are different theories. In the latter half of the 17th century and in the middle of the Edo period, as tile-roofing became widespread in townhouses, carpenters who built private houses came to be called “house carpenters”, and in contrast, carpenters such as shrines and temples were called “miya carpenters”. It is the theory that it came to be. This can also be considered as a historical fact in the region.

For carpenters other than Miya carpenters, Sukiya carpenters who set up a tea room based on Shoin-zukuri (more detailed is required), Machiya carpenters who have Kyoto’s unique construction method, various decorations and sculptures such as furniture, as well as wooden tools. Even if it is called a carpenter, such as a woodworking carpenter who processes it, he was a “sukiya” who is divided into specialized fields like a surgeon and a physician. If there is a place named Bansho near your house, it is a proof that many carpenters have finished.